Two of the US’s biggest retailers eased concerns of a US recession, reporting resilient consumer spending even though sharp food and fuel inflation are weighing heavily on their customers.
Walmart, the world’s largest retailer, said it had seen glimmers of improvement in recent weeks despite its most price sensitive shoppers trading down to cheaper groceries. Home Depot, the DIY chain, said spending on home improvement had been “incredibly high”, with its business accelerating in recent weeks.
Two profit warnings from Walmart since May had rattled investors who are looking for clues to how US consumers are adapting to historically high inflation and rising interest rates.
But Walmart on Tuesday reported stronger sales and profits than expected in the three months to July, and forecast a smaller decline in full-year earnings than it had warned investors about just three weeks ago.
“We finished the quarter on a strong note” said John David Rainey, Walmart’s new chief financial officer. Traffic to stores had picked up in July and August, he added, and the back to school season was “off to a solid start”.
Home Depot reported its highest quarterly sales and earnings on record, saying that consumers continued spending on home improvement renovations despite high inflation and mortgage rates.
Ted Decker, Home Depot’s chief executive, told analysts on Tuesday that there were still many “cross-currents” in the US economy, but savings rates, the labour market and wage growth remained strong.
Walmart’s reported earnings of $1.88 a share for its fiscal second quarter were up 24 per cent year on year and exceeded analysts’ $1.62-a-share consensus estimate.
Coming on the back of an 8.4 per cent increase in revenues to $153bn, however, the figures showed the impact of inflationary pressures on Walmart consumers, many of whom have cut spending on clothing and general merchandise as their petrol and grocery bills have risen.
Lower-income consumers were trading down from deli meats to cheaper hot dogs, canned tuna and chicken, Rainey said. Doug McMillon, Walmart’s chief executive, added, however, that it was gaining market share as higher-income shoppers turned to its stores and ecommerce services to save money.
As it had warned in July, inflation-driven shifts in consumer spending left Walmart with excess inventory, particularly in clothing. Markdowns to clear that stock contributed to a 132 basis point decline in its gross profit margin in the quarter.
Walmart’s inventories hit $60bn at the end of July, up 25 per cent year on year partly because of inflation and efforts to avoid the “lean” inventory position it faced in last year’s holiday period.
Rainey said Walmart had cleared most of its summer seasonal inventory but was still working to clear some excess stock in electronics, home and sporting goods.
Walmart now expects a 9 to 11 per cent decline in operating income over the full year, compared with its guidance last month that investors should expect a decline of 11 to 13 per cent.
That outlook was based on Walmart’s expectation that the consumer environment in the third and fourth quarters of the fiscal year would “look a lot like [the second quarter],” McMillon said.
Investors welcomed the improved outlook from two of the largest US retailers, pushing Walmart shares 5.3 per cent higher and Home Depot’s shares up 4.1 per cent in late-morning trading in New York on Tuesday.
The upbeat mood boosted shares of sector peers. Retailer Target and DIY chain Lowe’s, which report earnings on Wednesday morning, were up 4.3 per cent and 2.8 per cent, respectively.