The research was conducted by the Democracy Fund, a nonpartisan foundation that studies voter attitudes toward democratic institutions and works to strengthen democracy in the US.
Their polls found that after the election, a supermajority of Republicans backed Trump’s efforts to overturn the results: 86% said his legal challenges were appropriate, 79% said they weren’t confident in the national vote tally, and 68% said Trump really won. Another 54% said Trump should never concede, and a plurality said state legislatures should override the popular vote.
This set the stage for Trump, GOP lawmakers, and right-wing media outlets to continue pushing the lie that the election was “rigged,” which Trump did yet again in a press release this week.
Additionally, only 34% of Trump voters said they would accept Biden as the legitimate president, according to the post-election polls. That pales in comparison to similar surveys conducted by Gallup after previous controversial elections — 68% of Al Gore voters in 2000 accepted George W. Bush’s legitimacy, and 76% of Hillary Clinton voters in 2016 accepted Trump’s as president.
Robert Griffin and Mayesha Quasem, the researchers behind one of the reports, said the polls “suggest that voter confidence in the 2020 election was indeed different — and that continued doubts about election integrity among many Republicans raise concerns about the future.”
In the wake of that attack, congressional Democrats have tried to pass expansive new voting rights laws. These efforts, so far, have failed. Meanwhile, GOP-run legislatures in battleground states like Texas and Georgia have passed new laws that roll back some access to the ballot.
The new polls found that the stage for these restrictive laws was set after the election, which prompted most Republicans to hold skewed perceptions about the prevalence of voter fraud.
On the other hand, only 2% of Biden supporters said after the election that there had been “a lot of fraud” in mail-in voting or in-person voting. These people also expressed strong confidence in the overall results — and their confidence soared after Biden won, according to the surveys.
“We should hardly be surprised that Democrats had more confidence in the 2020 electoral results than Republicans did. Winners always have more confidence in the results. “But the 2020 election stands out compared to previous elections,” said Lee Drutman, a senior fellow at the center-left New America Foundation, who wrote one of the reports released on Thursday.
The online surveys were conducted by the Democracy Fund and YouGov shortly after the presidential election on November 3, 2020. Nearly 5,000 people participated in the polls.