“Identities and terms related to gender and sexuality shift across time,” said study author Ilan H. Meyer, senior scholar of public policy at the Williams Institute, in a statement. “Our study found nonbinary adults tend to be younger, but as the use and acceptance of gender nonbinary terms continue to grow, we may see changes in numbers and characteristics of LGBTQ nonbinary people.”
The research team used data from two population-based surveys of LGBTQ+ people in the US. The team then examined the demographics of those who identified as nonbinary, and released those results on Tuesday.
More than half of nonbinary adults are White, at approximately 58%, but 16% are multiracial, 15% are Latinx, 9% are Black, and 2% are AAPI, American-Indian or belong to other groups, the study said.
Researchers also found that 42% of nonbinary adults identify as transgender, 39% identify as cisgender lesbian, bisexual or queer, and 19% identify as cisgender gay, bisexual or queer.
“Nonbinary people make up a substantial part of the LGBTQ community, and they appear to experience similar kinds of vulnerabilities seen in the larger LGBTQ population,” said lead author Bianca D.M. Wilson, senior scholar of public policy at the Williams Institute, in a statement. “More research is needed to understand whether there are unique needs among cisgender and transgender nonbinary people compared to each other and to their binary-identified LGBTQ counterparts.”